Humans

The Long Noncoding RNA LnRPT Puts the Brakes on Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation

Nicotine Adenine Dinucleotides: The Redox Currency of the Cell

There has been tremendous and rapidly growing interest in understanding intermediary metabolism as a key aspect of both normal cellular function and as a participant in the molecular pathogenesis of many different complex diseases. This area of …

Pyridine Dinucleotides from Molecules to Man

SIGNIFICANCE: Pyridine dinucleotides, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP), were discovered more than 100 years ago as necessary cofactors for fermentation in yeast extracts. Since that time, …

Vascular Stiffness Mechanoactivates YAP/TAZ-Dependent Glutaminolysis to Drive Pulmonary Hypertension

Dysregulation of vascular stiffness and cellular metabolism occurs early in pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, the mechanisms by which biophysical properties of the vascular extracellular matrix (ECM) relate to metabolic processes important in PH …

Elevated Pulmonary Arterial and Systemic Plasma Aldosterone Levels Associate with Impaired Cardiac Reserve Capacity during Exercise in Left Ventricular Systolic Heart Failure Patients: A Pilot Study

BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of aldosterone are a modifiable contributor to clinical worsening in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is increased in HFrEF, induces pulmonary endothelial aldosterone …

Hypoxia-Mediated Increases in L-2-Hydroxyglutarate Coordinate the Metabolic Response to Reductive Stress

Metabolic adaptation to hypoxia is critical for survival in metazoan species for which reason they have developed cellular mechanisms for mitigating its adverse consequences. Here, we have identified L-2-hydroxyglutarate (L2HG) as a universal …

Upregulation of Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein by Hypoxia Stimulates Aldosterone Synthesis in Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cells to Promote Pulmonary Vascular Fibrosis

BACKGROUND: The molecular mechanism(s) regulating hypoxia-induced vascular fibrosis are unresolved. Hyperaldosteronism correlates positively with vascular remodeling in pulmonary arterial hypertension, suggesting that aldosterone may contribute to …