Pulmonary Artery

Pulmonary Vascular Distensibility and Early Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Pulmonary Hypertension

BACKGROUND: Exercise stress testing of the pulmonary circulation may uncover decreased pulmonary vascular (PV) distensibility as a cause of impaired aerobic exercise capacity and right ventricular (RV)-pulmonary arterial (PA) uncoupling. As such, it …

Paradoxical Embolization via Large Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation

MicroRNA Dysregulation in Pulmonary Arteries from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Relationships with Vascular Remodeling

Pulmonary vascular remodeling is an angiogenic-related process involving changes in smooth muscle cell (SMC) homeostasis, which is frequently observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that …

MicroRNA Dysregulation in Pulmonary Arteries from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Relationships with Vascular Remodeling

Pulmonary vascular remodeling is an angiogenic-related process involving changes in smooth muscle cell (SMC) homeostasis, which is frequently observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that …

NEDD9 Targets COL3A1 to Promote Endothelial Fibrosis and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Germline mutations involving small mothers against decapentaplegic-transforming growth factor-beta (SMAD-TGF-beta) signaling are an important but rare cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which is a disease characterized, in part, by …

The Long Noncoding RNA LnRPT Puts the Brakes on Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation

Elevated Pulmonary Arterial and Systemic Plasma Aldosterone Levels Associate with Impaired Cardiac Reserve Capacity during Exercise in Left Ventricular Systolic Heart Failure Patients: A Pilot Study

BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of aldosterone are a modifiable contributor to clinical worsening in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is increased in HFrEF, induces pulmonary endothelial aldosterone …

Upregulation of Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein by Hypoxia Stimulates Aldosterone Synthesis in Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cells to Promote Pulmonary Vascular Fibrosis

BACKGROUND: The molecular mechanism(s) regulating hypoxia-induced vascular fibrosis are unresolved. Hyperaldosteronism correlates positively with vascular remodeling in pulmonary arterial hypertension, suggesting that aldosterone may contribute to …